What to Do After the First Draft



Your fingers hurt. Your eyes burn. You haven’t had anything to drink except coffee for the past few days, weeks, year. You are pretty sure you haven’t slept a full night without dreaming about characters and plot lines.

You are certain you will never type again. Because you finally finished writing the first draft of your novel. Phew!

No matter how many times an author finishes the first draft of a novel, they know this is only the beginning of the writing process. So what do you even do after you write that first draft? What comes next? Where do you even begin the process of revising, rewriting, sharing, and more?

Here are ten suggestions that will help you manage that first draft:

1. Be proud of yourself! What you did was amazing, and you’ve proven to yourself you have it in you, whether this is your first novel or tenth–every time you finish an entire manuscript, you have the right to be proud of yourself.

2. Save a copy! I don’t mean saving only one copy on your computer–I mean put that baby on a flash drive, and another flash drive, email it to yourself, upload it to Dropbox, Google Drive, and more. Anything can happen; don’t let computer issues take those 50k+ words from you.

3. Put it away! Do not look at your book, open it, read it, send it to anyone, etc. Put that thing away and forget about it for at least a couple weeks. I suggest a month or two, but I know how antsy this process can be. Stephen King, in his memoir On Writing, suggests six weeks, at minimum. Either way, be sure you’ve at least given yourself and your first draft distance so when you come back to it again, you have a fresh set of eyes to begin the rest of the exploration process.

4. Keep writing! Can you even imagine writing again after all that? But you should. Not the book you just finished, but something else, anything else. Blog, journal, flash fiction, creative nonfiction essays, 300 word writing prompts–anything. Just keep at it–you will be much more confident approaching your rewrites if you keep up your craft.

5. Read your story out loud. I go into detail about this on a past blog post, but this is a very important step. I recently did this with my own work and was blown away at not just sentence flow that needed work, but also I found my own interest waning in certain sections. This is a great way to tell what is working and what needs some fine-tuning.

6. Read your MS slowly and critically. It’s easy as the author of your work to skim sentences because you know what’s next, but I encourage you to read the MS in full, slowly and carefully. Really take your time and be sure you are reading every word, every dialogue section, and look at your work with a critical eye. This is another insurance that you are catching all the errors you can before sending to an editor.

7. The Shrunken manuscript: I read this on a Write to Done guest blog. The idea is to reduce the font size and white space of your MS so you have each chapter fitting on 1-2 pages, then you print the entire thing out so your 200 page MS is now 30 pages, then lay the 30 pages out on the floor in front of you. This way you can see all the chapters before you and begin to notice character patterns, plot points, etc.

8. Get a critique! This can be with an editor, beta readers, writing group, etc. This should be done once you think you found all the “holes” in your MS, and now you need another pair of eyes. This will lead to more rewrites, so mentally prepare for this, but keep in mind, you are getting closer to that final product!

9. Figure out your next steps–meaning your goals! What do you want to do with this? Hold on to it for safekeeping? Self-publish? Get an agent? Once you figure that out, start doing the research to get there. Knowing your next steps will help as you review your manuscript; it may change the way you look at it during the revision period.

10. Hire an editorial team! Hiring a developmental editor, copyeditor, and proofreader will make your manuscript stand out and will help develop your product. Who you hire ultimately depends on how much you want to put into your product to make it the best it can be–and what you plan to do with your book (see #9). For more information on finding an editorial team right for you, visit the-efa.org.


Guest post contributed by Katie McCoach. Katie is a member of Romance Writers of America and the Editorial Freelancers Association. She has had essays published in TrainWrite and Kalliope and is currently writing a contemporary romance novel. For advice on editing, writing, and publishing, visit her blog and be sure to also follow her on Twitter.

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36 thoughts on “What to Do After the First Draft”

  1. This is terrific, thank you. My favorite tool is reading aloud. And when I go back to that first draft, I make a scene list. This helps me find plot holes and scenes that need cutting.


    1. Laurie, the scene list is a great idea. Are you ever surprised at what you find when you read aloud? I always think it’s funny that the moment I do this I realize how much I’ve missed in info/plot line, or awkward sentences. Thanks for sharing and stopping by!


  2. Nice ideas! I just finished writing my first 62,000 word romance novel, and after I’ve written, re-written, edited, re-worked, read and re-read; I can finally say, “I think I’m finished!” It was hard for me to say, “Yes I think it’s perfect!”, but to me, it never was. I was fortunate enough to get a credible editor with her own published work and editorial rewards. Thanks to her, I was able to transform my work to something more professional. It was nice and I learned a lot. But, she didn’t re-write my work, she just line-edited suggestions and grammar changes. I still had to revise, rewrite, and re-read. It was tedious but rewarding at the end. Like yourself, I had to put my book to the side many times just to prevent myself from losing my mind, and that worked. I would always miss writing and enjoyed going back to work.
    Reach me at readwithmeromancenovels.wordpress.com


    1. Elizabeth, congrats on writing your book! It’s really great that you understand and appreciate the revision and editing process. I love romances and enjoy reading, editing, and writing them, so I’ll be sure to stop by your blog. Thanks for stopping by!

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Completed my 2nd draft on the 16th of March. Am thus far up to chapter 8 with my proofread. After reading this, I get the feeling I may be going too fast. Will probably give it another sit once this run through is done and go over it again.


  4. The reading aloud point is really useful; at the moment I’m spending more time on scripts for a youth theatre group than on my own writing and it’s really surprising that what seems to work in my head is sometimes phenomenally difficult to actually say! As you can imagine, this can be somewhat problematic for kids on stage… :-\
    But it also works for other writing, highlighting over-long sentences or unclear emphasis.


    1. I am totally with you! Right now I spent more time on clients’ work instead of my own, but I find it still helps improve my own writing because it helps me pinpoint where things do and don’t work in my own work. The more advice I give to others, the more I begin to “hear” it and apply it to my writing.

      Your position with the youth group sounds like a blast though! Keep up the great work!

      Liked by 1 person

  5. I’ve just attended both an online conference (IndieReCon/Alliance of Independent Authors – at the London Book Fair and a ‘real’ world, self-editing workshop day for novelists – and both echoed exactly what you say here. Excellent advice. Thank you.


  6. Agree with all this; good post. I finished a first draft a few weeks ago and, although I’m itching to get stuck in to the second, I’m going to wait a big longer (#3). Apart from anything else, I’ve had plenty of other things occupying me, what with making final revisions and preparing for publication of another title. #7 – interesting idea. #8 – definitely agree with getting a critique, but I’d never inflict my first drafts on anyone else – for me, it needs to be second if not third. And then of course there will still be plenty of work to do post-critique (which is the whole point of them).


    1. Christopher, congrats on finishing your first draft! Did you celebrate? 🙂 It sounds like you have a lot going on and that’s amazing! I wish you the best with all of your titles.


  7. Reblogged this on quirkywritingcorner and commented:
    She has some rather unusual ideas which I might try. I finally finished my 2nd novel after a dozen rewrites…maybe not quite that many, but it sure feels like it. I’ve done some blog writing and a little bit on 2 books in my queue, but I can’t seem to get in the mood to do any serious writing. I don’t have a lot of years left to afford to lollygag around! Maybe I just picked the wrong book to work on.

    Liked by 2 people

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