7 Writing Rules For Fiction



Overwhelmed by fiction-writing advice? Me too, and I’m an editor as well as a writer. Everyone and anyone who has a blog or website seems to be keen on throwing in their penny’s worth. A lot of it is genuinely good advice. But what works for them won’t necessarily be right for you.

Want proof? Here, in these six sentences, I’ve broken numerous ‘rules’ that would make grammar lovers wince. I’m not concerned, however, because this article is fairly informal in tone and what’s most important to me is that my voice shines through.

So with this opening paragraph, I give you my fiction-writing rules.


Number One: First and foremost, let your voice carry your writing.
The following rules are based on recurring problems I see whilst editing fiction manuscripts.


Rule Number Two: Always move the plot forward.
Flashbacks or trips into the past might be frowned upon by many, but I believe they are fine if revisiting a character’s history in some way progresses your plot. Otherwise, don’t bother filling the reader in on what happened before the character got to this point in time. If it has zero relevance, cut the scene. And leading perfectly on from here…


Rule Number Three: Please, please blend in backstory.
Dumping paragraph after paragraph, particularly at the beginning of a novel, of information that leads up to the story you are about to tell is boring. Put the reader straight into the action, into the moment your protagonist’s life is about to change, the moment your story begins. And then blend, blend, blend. This is the key word. Pointers to something that occurred earlier in the character’s life should be told in as a natural a way as possible as the action plays out. It is tempting to over-indulge in backstory (and world-building), I know. You want the reader to understand motives and events, but not in one giant sweeping action. Be subtle and trust your reader.


Rule Number Four: Make sure something important happens in each chapter.
I hear a lot of authors worrying about how long their chapters should be, and whether they must all be similar in length. To most readers, this really doesn’t matter. What should be your main concern is that each chapter brings something to the story and pushes the plot forward that little bit more. Even if you have a scene that plays out over the course of two or more chapters, provided something new happens in each, then that’s fine. Oh, and don’t forget cliff-hangers. Force your reader to keep reading.


Rule Number Five: Show, people, don’t tell.
Boring, I know. You’ve heard it all before, I know. Yet, it’s a crazily common problem. Watch:

‘John was happy. He was considering jumping up and down, but he saw all the people sitting around him. He was thinking about kissing Jane again.’

‘John fought the smile teasing his lips. What would these people around him think if he leapt in the air and bounced about like Tigger? No, it would be best if he remained in his seat. He glanced over at Jane, more specifically at her shiny, full, red lips.’

Which do you prefer? Which gives you more imagery, a deeper connection, and an engagement within the moment with the character? The second, obviously, because in the first, I simply told you what John was thinking and how he was feeling. In the second I showed you.

Seek out ‘was’ and ‘were’–these are your red flags. If you’re aren’t sure, switch your past tense to present. Now read it aloud.

‘John is happy. He is considering jumping up and down but he sees all the people sitting around him. He is thinking about kissing Jane again.’

This is a great technique to help teach you how to weed out the telling.


Rule Number Six: Make your characters real.
Every human being, I don’t care what you say, has a good side and a bad side. And if you expect readers to invest their time and care about the characters in your book, they will definitely need to see both. No one will be able to relate to Miss Perfect, or Mr Flawless. They want to know these people are human, that they do wrong, that they’re obsessive or uptight or fussy or neurotic or have a short fuse. The same goes with their lives. Readers need to see dust on the fireplace or piles of paperwork all over the kitchen surfaces or weeds growing in the driveway. They want to see arguments, irritation, routines gone haywire. Throw a bit of rough into the smooth.

I encourage all of my authors to write character profiles, which delve right back into their pasts and ask detailed questions: their strengths and weakness; their likes and dislikes; their physical features; their background; their family, and so on. This way these imaginary people can deepen and take shape in your mind, and only then can you become them as you tell their story.


Rule Number Seven: Make dialogue sound natural.
This follows closely on from the previous rule. I see it so much: conversations between characters that are really vehicles for passing on essential plot points and backstory to the reader; conversations where two friends use each other’s name in every sentence; conversations without contractions or with overdone accents. And more than anything else, I read books where every character sounds the same. All of these make an uncomfortable read. Give everyone in your book a life, give them…well, character.

There are so many other things I could turn into a rule here—perhaps I’ll save them for another day—but I say, focus on these first and you’re half way there.



Guest post contributed by Kate Foster with also credit mention to Women Writers, Women[‘s] Books. Kate is a freelance editor and proof reader and also works for Ink Pantry Publishing, part of the Open University. She edits anything from middle grade to adult fiction, with the exception of certain genres, and most nonfiction. Visit her website for more of her work.

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57 thoughts on “7 Writing Rules For Fiction

  1. Reblogged this on AngieTrafford and commented:
    These are good bits of advice to consider 🙂 as stated, every blog seems to contain the advice but the rules stated here are pretty much what you will find on every article on writing.
    I definitely liked the piece about showing and telling, because the advice about changing to present tense is a great tool that I will be using now on.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Great rules!
    These are all the things I think about in my own writing – and what I find so annoying when I read books where the author either doesn’t yet know about such things, or feels they don’t apply.
    Reblogging on my own site, thanks.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. I breezed through the six sentences without noticing the broken rules. Now that’s the sign of a great writer in my book–your broken rules helped the reader through to the end without calling attention to themselves.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Going to work on my character profiles this weekend – I find that I know them when they come into the scene, but sometimes I miss out on the details and lose track of who they are a bit. Thanks for this! Always a great help 🙂


  5. Reblogged this on Project Blacklight and commented:
    Whether you’re a new writer or seasoned veteran, we should never stop learning ways to be better. I came to this revelation after a harsh, but honest, critique. So, thanks to a fellow blogger, here are a few writing rules to remember.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Once again, thank you for such great advice!! I always learn something from these kinds of posts! (:
    I just have one question tho… Could you elaborate more on your Seventh rule?? HOW exactly should we make the dialogue sound natural???


    1. Sorry I missed your question. My advice is to always read your dialogue aloud, and if you can, ask someone else to read conversations aloud with you. It helps to pick out anything unnatural. And just listen to people around you in shops, on the street, and in any real-life situation. 🙂


  7. Many thanks for all of your fantastic comments. I love writing about writing. This article was originally 20 Fiction Writing Rules, and three times as long, so perhaps there’ll be a follow up some day soon!


  8. A terrific guide to go by. As I was reading each one I was considering how I’ve incorporated it (or not) into my stories. Thank you for sharing this. I do like to end one chapter with a lead into the next…just enough to make the reader want to continue to see what happens next.



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